Chanakya Niti ( चाणक्य नीति ) Hindi PDF – Chanakya

Chanakya niti ya Chanakya niti-sastra Chankya ke dwara likhi gyi ek niti granth hai. Sanskrit – sahitya ki niti wali grantho me Chanakya Niti ka apna alg hi sthan hai. Isme sutro ke rup me jeevan ko aasan bnane ka upay btaya gya hai. Iska mukhya uddeshya manuhsya ke jeevan ko pratyek samay ki ek vyavharik sikh dena hai. Isme mukhya rup se Dharm, Sanskriti, Nyay, Shanti, Sushikshit manushya ki jeevan ki pragtisheel jhankiya dikhai gyi hai. Is granth me jeevan-siddhant, jeevan-vyavhar aur aadarsh aur ytharth ka milan dekhne ko milta hai. Aacharya Chanakya Bharat ka mhan gaurav hai, Itihas ko unpr garv hai.

  • Short Description of Chanakya Niti

Chanakya niti dvara mitr-bhed se lekr dushman tk ki pehchan, pti-prayan tatha charitr hin striyon me vibhed, raja ka krtavy aur jnta ke adhikaro tatha varn vyavastha ka uchit nidan ho jata hai. Itni sadiya gujrne k bad bhi Chankaya ke dwara btaye gye siddhant aur nitiya aaj bhi utni hi jeevan se judi hui hai kyoki unhone gehen adhyayan, chintan, jeevananubhvo se arjit amulya gyan ko puri trh se niswarth bhav se manav kalyan ke uddeshya se abhivyakti kiya. Mahapandit aachaary Chanaky ki Chanaky Niti me kul satrah adhyaay hai. Chankya niti k anusar –

  1.  Kisi bhi vykti ko jrurt se jyada ‘sidha’ nhi hona chahiye, kyoki jungle me sidhe ped hi sbse pehle kate jate hai, tedhe ped ko koi nhi chhedta.
  2.  Kbhi bhi apne rahsyo ko dusro ko nhi btana chahiye. Yah aadat tmhe brbad kr degi.
  3.  Hr ek dosti ke pichhe ek mtlv ( swarth ) jrur hota hai. Duniya me esi koi v dosti nhi h jiske pichhe koi swarth n chhupa ho, yah kthin satya hai lekin satya hai.
  4.  Agr koi sap jehrila nhi h to use fufkarna nhi chhodna chahiye, Usi trh kisi bhi kmjor insan ko hr samay apne kmjori ka pradarshan nhi krna chahiye.
  5.  Aaft ke samay pese bchana chahiye aur jb privar pr aaft aaye to us pese ko samrpit kr dena chahiye lekin jb khud pr sankt aaye to privar aur pese dono ko kurban kr dena chahiye.
  6.  Chanakya ji k anusar pehle 5 sal bchcho ko bde pyar se palna chahiye uske bad 5 sal thoda dant ke sth rkhna chahiye, Lekin jb bchcha 16 sal ka ho jaye tb usse dosti ka vyavhar krna chahiye.
  • Chanakya ki sikh

Chankya ek jungle me jhopdi me rhte the. Bahut se log unke pas salah aur gyan lene aate the. Jis jungle me Chankya rhte the vo jungle kafi kato aur katili jhadiyo se bhra hua tha to jo bhi vykti unke pas aata the unke per khun se lathpath ho jate the.

Ek din unke pas ek vykti kafi muskil se pahuche aur unse nivedan kiya ki, ” hme aap tk pahuchne ke liye kafi pareshaniyo ka samna krna pda hai. Aap Maharaj se kehkr is raste ko chamde se dhkwa dijiye. Isse logo ko aaram milega.” Unki bato ko sunkr Chanakya bahut muskuraye uske bad unse kaha ki, “Is raste pr chmde lgane se kuchh nhi hoga. Ese hi bahut se kate puri duniya me hai kya pure duniya ko chamde se dhk dena chahiye ye to asambhav hai. Ydi aap log hi apne pero pr chmde dwara surkshit kr le to aap in kato aur katili jhadio se bch skte hai.” Iske bad us vykti ne sir jhuka kr Chankaya se kaha ki, ” Guruji ab mai esa hi krunga.”

Chanakya ne unse kaha ki, ” Meri is bat ke pichhe kafi gehrai hai. Dusro ko sudharne ke bjaye khud ko sudharo isse tum apne upr jeet hasil kr skte ho. Duniya ko smjhane wala kbhi aage ni bdh pata vhi khud ko smjhane wala kafi aage bdh jata hai.” Is bat se sabhi sehmat ho gye.

  • Chanakya ki Kutiya

         Chanakya Chandragupt Maurya ke Mahamantri the. Ve kafi imandar the aur kafi vidwaan the. Itne bde Samrajya ke mahamantri hone ke bad bhi vo ek chhoti si kutiya me rhte the. Unka rahan-sahan ek sadharan vykti ki trh tha. Ek bar Yunan ka ek rajdut unse milne aaya aur rajdarbar me chanakya ki charcha sunkr kafi mohit ho gya. Rajdut ne sham ke samay Chanakya se milne ke liye samay manga. 

         Aacharya ne unhe rat ke samay milne ke liye kaha. Sham ko jb vah rajdut aacharya ke ghr ka pta puchhne lga to raj prahari ne unhe btaya ki vo nagar se bahr rhte hai. Isse rajdut ke mn me vichar aaya ki itne bde Mahamantri nagar k bahr rhte hai iska mtlv unhone bahut achha mahal bna k rkha hoga. Jb rajdut nagar ke bahar pahucha to unhone ek vykti se Aacharya ke ghr ka rasta puchha to us vykti ne Chanakya ki kutiya ki aur ishara krte hue kaha ki aacharya vha rhte hai.

         Yunani rajdut jese-tese aacharya ke yha pahuch gya. Tb us rajdut ne aacharya se puchha ki, ” Itne bde rajya ke mahamantri hone ke bad bhi aap is chhoti si kutiya me kyu rhte hai.” Tb is prashnn pr Chankaya muskuraye aur rajdut se kaha ki, ” Agr mai nagarvasiyo ki mehnt se kmaye gye peso se bne mahal me rhunga to mere nagarvasio ko kutiya bhi naseeb nhi hogi.” Ye sunkr yunani rajdut bhavuk ho gye aur Aacharya ke per pkd liye.

WriterChanakya
Book LanguageHindi
Book Size1.82 MB
Total Pages154
CategoryPolitics

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  • About Writer

Chanakya ji ka janm ( 376 isa purv- 283 isa purv ) Patliputra me hua tha. Ve Chandragupt Maurya ke Mahamantri the. Ve ‘ Kautilya ‘ ke nam se jyada jane jate hai. Unhone apni siksha Takshila se prapt ki. Bad me ve Takshila me hi aacharya bn gye. Unhone mukhyt Bheel aur Kirat rajkumaro ko prasikshan diya. Unhone Nandvansh ka vinash kr ke Chandragupt ko Raja bnaya. Inke jeevan ki ghatanao ka vishesh smbndh chandragupt maurya ki raajyapraapti se hai. Ye us samay ke ek prasiddh vidvan the, isme koi shk nhi. kehte hai ki Chanaky rajsi thaat-baat se door ek chhoti si kutiya me rha krte the. Unke dwara rachit granth ‘ Arthsashtra ‘ Rajneeti, Krishi, Smajneeti ka mhan granth hai. Arthsastra Mauryakalin Bhartiya samaj ka darpan mana jata hai. Chanakya ki mrityu ko lekr 2 kahaniya samne aati hai lekin inme kon si sachchi hai iska koi praman nhi hai.

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